One of the landmark cities of the 6th century BC, Ayodhya on the banks of the holy river Sarayu resounds with the memories of a legendary hero. A city that has been benevolently blessed with so many saintly personalities Ayodhya reverberates a historic past with a religious fervor. A city that owns a rich history of centuries is mostly famed as the birthplace of Rama, the symbol of Indian man hood and even today it continues to hog the limelight for the same reason.

History of this temple city is the story of the illustrious rulers of Suryavamshis whose victorious and legendary tales gave birth to the great epic, Ramayana. Saketa as Ayodhya known in the ancient times unfurls the spectacular moments in the great epic Ramayana.

One among the 16 Janapadas of the 6th century, Ayodhya was the capital of a vast stretch of Land, which spread over from the Kabul Valley to the banks of Godavari. During those days it was the final word in the kingly affairs and later this land of the Kosala Kings was devastated by the mighty Magadhans. The city has gained reputation as a great centre of learning and enlightenment under the glorious rule of the Mauryans and Guptas.

As the cradle of different religions, Ayodhya found its mention in the various religious texts. A miscellany of ancient structures that reveals the legendary tales of Hinduism, Budhism, Jainism and Sikhism can still be seen in Ayodhya. From Vedas to the holy scriptures of the Jains this land has been described as “a city built by Gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself".

Shopping in this legendary place would be a different experience. Obviously one could not expect malls and complexes in such a religious destination, but the small gallies and bazaars in this are swarming with public at all probable times. With its typical artifacts and souvenirs these markets have their own characteristics, which makes your shopping a delightful experience.

Though today’s Ayodhya presents a tiny, bucolic city with ancient ramifications it carries a versatile history and tradition that hold an undeniable influence on the teeming millions of India.


Hanuman Garhi Temple

Hanuman Garhi Temple

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Dasrath Bhavan

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Kanak Bhavan

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Nageshwarnath Mandir

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Ram ki Paidi

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Tulsi Samarak Bhavan

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Situated on the left bank of the Ghaghara River, Faizabad was once the capital of the Nawabs of Oudh. Its occupies a privileged place on the tourist map of India because of Ayodhya which is 6km to its west. Ayodhya is a famous pilgrim centre for the Hindus. Pilgrims and tourists visiting this holy place like to stay at Faizabad because it offers better accommodation.

In fact, Faizabad has a number of attractions and could easily stand on its own were it not overshadowed by the famous Ayodhya. Places you could visit in the town are Fort Calcutta, the Mausoleum of Bahu Begum and Gulab Bari.


Faizabad is located in center of the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the northern region of India.

Best time to visit

Though the weather of Faizabad is generally mild with hot spells in summer (April-June), it is advisable to travel here in the winter months.


Fort Calcutta
Fort Calcutta was constructed by Shuja-ud-daulah after he suffered defeat at the hands of the British, in the Battle of Buxer in 1764. The fort has massive clay ramparts. The Nawab lived here, and after his death on the 26th January, 1775, it continued to be the resident of his widow, Bahu Begum. After Shuja-ud-daulah, the fort declined in importance and Lucknow became the seat of power of the next Nawab, Asaf-ud-daulah.

Mausoleum of Bahu Begum
Built in 1816, the mausoleum of Bahu Begum is ?the finest building of the kind in Oudh'. Built in white marble, it is 42m high.

Gulab Bari
The plan and chief features of this building are taken from Gulab Bari, another important monument at Faizabad. Bahu Begum, widow of Shuja-ud-daulah, fell prey to the conspiracy hatched by Asaf-ud-daulah in connivance with the British East India Company.
The role of Warren Hastings (1774-85), the first Governor General of Bengal, in the whole episode is not above reproach.
They tried to deprive the widow of the immense wealth which she had inherited from her husband.

Situated 2.5km from the Mausoleum of Bahu Begum, the mausoleum of Shuja-ud-daulah was built in 1775. The ground floor contains three tombstones.
The tomb in the centre is that of Shuja-ud-daulah, while to its left lies the tomb of his mother. The third one is that of his father. The complex also houses a mosque and an imambara (tomb of a Shiite Muslim holy man). The imambara lies to the south of the tombs.

There exists a fine museum in the Guptar Park, near the Guptar Ghat. Within the park lies a temple, located at the place from where Rama is believed to have disappeared.

There are some beautiful temples at the Guptar Ghat such as Chakra Harji Vishnu Temple and Gupta Harji and Raja Mandir. Imprints believed to be of Rama's feet have been found in the Chakra Harji Vishnu Temple.


Hanuman Garhi Ratna Sinhasan kanak Bhawan Rang Mahal Mani Parvat
Shyama Sadan Nageshwar Nath Roop Kala - Divya Kala Shugreev Kila Chhotty Deokali
Sita Rasoi Mani Mandir Chireswar Nath Mahadeo Kale Ram Mandir Valmiki Bhawan
Hanuman Bagh Hanumat Niwas Nishad Raj Mandir Surshari Mandir Ram Kuchehri
Janki Mahal Mandir Khas Chowk Bada Sthan Dashrath Mahal Asharphi Bhawan Bada Bhakt Maal
Mandir Janki Ghat Vedanti Mandir Kausalya Bhawan Gurudwara Nazerbagh Gurudwara Brahmakund
Jain Swetamber Mandir Jain Digamber Mandir Raj Sadan Ramchandra Bheret Milaap Maidir Bheretkund Raghunath Ji ki Chhowni (Barai Chhowni)
Mani Ram Das ki Chhowni (Choti Chhowni) Jain Digamber Mandir Raj Sadan Ramchandra Bheret Milaap Maidir Bheretkund Raghunath Ji ki Chhowni (Barai Chhowni)
Tapsi Ji ki Chhowni Mauni Baba ki Chhowni Raj Sadan Ramchandra Bheret Milaap Maidir Bheretkund Raghunath Ji ki Chhowni (Barai Chhowni)
Tulsidas ki Chhowni Koslesh Sadan Raj Sadan Ramchandra Bheret Milaap Maidir Bheretkund Raghunath Ji ki Chhowni (Barai Chhowni)
Totadri Math Kuber Tila Ranopali Mandir Chitragupt (Dharmhari Mandir) Lakshman Kila
Tulsi Smarak Bhawan Ramkatha Sangrahalya Shish Mahal Matgajendra Mandir Hanuman Gupha

Kund :

Brahma Kund Dant Dhawan Kund Vidya Kund Vibhishan Kund Sita Kund
Vashitha Kund Dashrath Kund Brahaspati Kund Suraj Kund Hanuman Kund
Sonkar Kund

Fairs & Festivals

Ramnavmi Mela Saavan Jhoola Mela Parikrama Panchkosi Parikrama Chaudah Kosi Parikrama


Nageshwar Ghat Nirmochan Ghat Vasudeo Ghat Raj Ghat Jhunki Ghat
Lakshman Ghat Gola Ghat Tulsidas Ghat Ram Ghat Chakratirth Ghat


Tulsi Udyan Rishabhdev Rajghat Udyan Ram ki Pairi Ramkatha Park


By Road :
The city is about 130 k.m. from Lucknow, 200 k.m. from Varanasi, 160 k.m. from Allahabad, 140 k.m. from Gorakhpur and about 636 k.m. from Delhi. Buses are frequently available from Lucknow, Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Allahabad and other places as per their shedule.

By Rail :
Trains are available from Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Allahabad.
Some important trains passing through Faizabad are

By Air :
Faizabad has an Airport at Naka, near Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University but no regular airlines services are available.
Nearest airport is Lucknow (about 130 k.m.).

Ayodhya By Air
The nearest airport is at a distance of 140 km away from city heart and is at Lucknow. Lucknow airport is well connected by domestic flights to all major airports in India. Regular flights are available from Lucknow to Delhi. One can hire taxis from Lucknow to reach Ayodhya. Taxi charges about Rs 1,750.

Ayodhya By Bus
Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation buses connect Ayodhya with all other important towns in the state. Private deluxe buses are also available from important cities to Ayodhya.

Ayodhya By Train
Ayodhya railhead is well connected to the nearby railheads. Other option is Faizabad station, which is well connected to all major cities in India including New Delhi, Varanasi, Agra, Lucknow, and Mumbai.